Cocaine is an extremely powerful drug and is classed as a Class A drug. Just like anything, cocaine will react differently to different people. But there are some effects that are the same.
Here are some side effects of cocaine on the body.
Effects on the Brain
Cocaine affects the brain the first time it is taken. A person will feel more alert and full of energy, but will find that their appetite is decreased. This increase in energy is often the reason why people become addicted to the drug.
Effects on the Throat
As cocaine is mostly inhaled, it affects the nasal passages and throat. Nasal irritation, recurrent nosebleeds, and sinusitis are observed due to decreased blood supply. Difficulty in swallowing, hoarseness, cough, and constant sore throat are caused by inhalation of cocaine vapors.
Effects on the Lungs
Most lung and breathing complications are the direct effects of smoking cocaine. Residues of cocaine in lungs cause chronic bronchitis and chronic cough. The ability of the lungs to process the gases is damaged by cocaine. Continuous cough with black, non-bloody phlegm is observed resulting in shortness of breath and chest pain.
Effects on the Heart
The blood pressure also increases, which will lead to some medical problems. For example, the blood vessels constrict, which makes it harder for the blood to pump around the body. Considering the heart rate increases, this can lead to a stroke or heart attack, which can lead to death.
Effects on the Skin
When the drug is consumed by injections, open sores and skin ulcers are caused by rapid destruction of skin tissues. Skin infections like cellulites or abscesses might rise as a result of open sores in such persons. Smoking cocaine may cause problems such as deep breaths and sharp chest pain. The air from the lungs gets trapped under the skin of the neck causing severe pain when touched.