Alcohol treatment programs or alcohol rehab programs help people recover from problems like alcohol addiction or alcohol dependence. There are a number of alcohol addiction treatment options and the type of treatment a patient receives varies according to the severity of his or her alcohol addiction. Alcohol addiction treatments are broadly classified into inpatient and outpatient treatments.
Inpatient alcohol addiction treatments.
Inpatient alcohol addiction treatments are available in general or psychiatric hospitals and in centers dedicated for alcohol addiction and drug abuse treatments. Inpatient alcohol addiction treatment options are of various stages. Firstly, the individual is assessed from various angles such as physical, emotional, mental and behavioral. Based on the analysis, a personalized treatment plan is drawn for the individual. The individual is given physical and psychiatric work-ups at the initial part of the treatment.
This is followed by detoxification process in which the individual is made to undergo detoxification to eliminate alcoholic residues from the body. The patient experiences withdrawal symptoms that are well monitored and treated by the medical professionals.
Once detoxification is done, the next stage of treatment is medication, where medical experts focus on the nutritional and biological aspects of the treatment. Alcoholism almost always leaves the user severely undernourished and deficient in nutrients. In this stage of treatment, the patient is administered vital nutrients and provided a balanced diet to replenish his/her physical health.
The next step is psychological treatment where the individual’s emotional health is strengthened by various therapies and techniques. This generally includes counseling, group and individual therapies, motivational therapies, introduction to social support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), etc. Inpatient treatment is followed up with extensive outpatient support that helps the individual to lead an alcohol-free living even after he/she is discharged from the treatment center.
Outpatient alcohol addiction treatment.
The outpatient option of alcohol addiction treatment is for individuals with mild to moderate withdrawal symptoms. Outpatient treatments include psychotherapy, counseling, medications, the 12-step programs founded by the AA, cognitive-behavioral therapies, interactive group therapies, etc.
Whatever type of treatment one opts for, the most important part is post treatment. The individual should be provided with post treatment care which includes continuous support and counseling from family, friends and social support groups. This will help the person avoid a relapse and to remain on the path of alcohol abstinence.